Today we have four skin types: normal, dry, oily or combination. Skin type is primarily the result of a genetic factor, but can change with age, health or certain external elements. If until now you have always wondered what type of skin you have, we have the answer below, and if on the contrary you thought you knew, check which category you fall into. Using the wrong skincare product for your skin might not help it and lead to more skin problems. Just like your hair, the skin also needs, according to each individual, care adapted to its type. If you still have doubts, you can always seek advice from a pharmacist or consult a dermatologist who will greatly help you in your approach. Please note that in this article we are not talking about skin problems or diseases, but about your type, which gives you a basis for understanding how it works, and how you can take care of it on a daily basis.
1 – Normal Skin Type
Normal skin, rest assured, is not that “normal” except that it is characterized by good balance and is neither too oily nor too dry. With a soft and smooth texture, it is naturally radiant and has no imperfections. The complexion is fresh, slightly rosy, the pores are not visible and its appearance is velvety, without shine or excess sebum. Normal skin is therefore mainly found in children and babies. Like everyone else, however, normal skin can suffer from certain external factors and present dry or slightly irritated areas as when faced with extreme temperatures. These effects are therefore totally transient and non-recurring for normal skin. But what is it really? How can she look so smooth and flawless every day?
Because the natural production of sebum, itself created by the sebaceous glands located under each pore, is effective enough to maintain a good balance in the skin. She is not lacking in hydration, her protective layer works perfectly, and she does not suffer from any disease that would make her sensitive or irritated. As a reminder, today there are two essential ways to moisturize your skin; the sebum which is produced naturally to retain hydration and prevent too rapid evaporation, and the water we drink.
How to take care of it ?
If your skin falls into this category then you are very lucky. Normal skin with no particular problems does not require great care to be well. But that does not prevent a routine to pamper her. Normal skin needs daily hydration just as much as any other with active ingredients suited to your age, and whose texture will often be light and airy.
2 – Dry Skin Type
Dry skin is characterized by a much lower production of sebum and therefore it does not have the lipids it needs to retain enough moisture and build a protective barrier against external aggressions, which is also called hydrolipidic film. . Hydro being: water and lipid: fatty. The hydrolipidic film is a layer that forms on the surface of the skin which is a perfect mixture of sweat and sebum. It will greatly act on the protection of your skin by blocking external aggressions and reducing the risk of skin dryness. Dry skin therefore shows signs of a dull complexion, tightness, a rough and less supple appearance and sometimes more visible wrinkles.
Beyond the genetic factor, dry skin can manifest itself in a cold and dry climate, too hot water when bathing, frequent use of soaps or wind and sun. Beware the trap: there is a difference between having dry or dehydrated skin. Often the diagnosis is not the right one and for good reason: dry skin is an unchangeable genetic characteristic that can only be improved but not modified, and it lacks fat. Dehydrated skin is only lacking in water. You can, however, very well combine the two and in this case, your skin requires a lot of attention.
How to take care of it ?
With treatments whose texture is oilier and richer. Often these treatments combine the effectiveness of good hydration while providing better protection against external aggressions. Avoid products containing soap or perfume and moisturize day and night.
3 – Oily Skin Type
Oily skin will conversely have a strong production of sebum or an overproduction which is also called seborrhea. The pores are dilated and visible, the skin is shiny, the complexion dull and the whole face shows these characteristics (not just the T-zone). Sebum production can also vary depending on the day as it can vary with hormonal influence, at the time of puberty or just before menstruation. Food will also come to play a role because the sebaceous glands use certain nutrients such as glucose, acetate and fatty acids. In the event of a diet with a high glycemic index, i.e. a high content of fast sugars, the synthesis of lipids by the glands will increase. Similarly, stress, strong emotions or too much alcohol intake will suddenly increase body temperature and therefore promote a peak in seborrhea.
Why do we talk about dull complexion? Besides the daily factors that can be the cause of your dull complexion, such as stress, lack of sleep, tobacco or alcohol consumption, this one in case of oily skin, results from the strong layer of sebum which covers the skin and does not reflect light in the same way as normal skin. Dilated and visible pores are the result of the opening of the pilosebaceous follicle on the surface of the skin. There may also be blemishes like small pimples and blackheads.
How to take care of it ?
Care 100% adapted to oily skin often prone to acne. The texture is light and its composition designed not to clog pores or clog the skin. Having oily skin does not exempt you from moisturizing it, quite the contrary, but pay attention to its components. You need a healthy routine and daily cleansing morning and night to unclog pores as much as possible.