The skin of the face is the most fragile, the thinnest and the most exposed to UV rays and pollution. To avoid premature aging, good rules of hygiene and daily care are necessary.
UV rays accelerate the aging of the skin. Limiting exposure to the sun, by putting on a sunscreen (total screen) during periods of sunshine is essential, from an early age.
Likewise, good hydration (1.5 L of water), a balanced diet and regular physical activity improve skin health. Stress, lack of sleep and smoking are responsible for premature aging of the skin.
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR SKIN
Facial care involves three basic steps: cleansing/make-up removal, hydration and exfoliation.
Cleansing and make-up removal should be done with a gentle face cleanser, “soap-free” (body soaps are too irritating to facial skin), and suitable for the type of skin (dry, combination or oily) to preserve the hydrolipidic film of the skin. For more efficiency, they can be done by lightly massaging. There are many types of facial cleansers, foaming cleansers, micellar waters, milks, cleansing waters, cleansing oils. All of them are effective, their choice depends on the taste of the user. The eyelid and eye contour area is very thin and devoid of a protective hydrolipidic film and requires the use of specific products. Make-up removal must be meticulous and gentle, without rubbing, at the risk of irritating the eyes, causing the eyelashes to fall out prematurely and damaging the skin around the eye.
The moisturizing cream acts as a barrier against external aggressions for the epidermis and helps preserve its elasticity and thus delay the signs of ageing. It should be applied to perfectly cleansed skin. There are a multitude of creams, each with different characteristics and textures. Creams that are too greasy promote acne. Fluids are best suited for oily or combination skin. From the age of 25, “first wrinkle” treatments provide targeted action. From the age of 35, anti-wrinkle creams can help delay the effects of skin aging. The presence of a sunscreen in the treatment is essential to protect the epidermis from UV radiation.
Exfoliation, once or twice a week allows for deeper cleansing. Choose a gentle, fine-grained exfoliant. Gently massage the skin, emphasizing the oilier areas such as the sides of the nose. Then apply a cream.
THE NUTRIENTS NEEDED FOR A GOOD BALANCE OF THE SKIN
Proteins and essential fatty acids (vegetable and fish oils) ensure the synthesis of the various fibers that make up the skin, such as collagen.
Many vitamins are important for cell renewal and to help the skin cope with daily aggressions (stress, tobacco, pollution).
Where do we find these vitamins?
- Vitamin A: fish, fish oils, offal, cheese, milk, butter.
- Vitamin B1: whole grains, citrus fruits, legumes, offal, pork.
- Vitamin B2: offal, eggs, pork, semi-skimmed and whole milk, whole grains, cereals or muesli for breakfast enriched with vitamins, poultry, game, fish).
- Vitamin B6: fish, poultry, cereals, game, offal.
- Vitamin C: bell pepper, fennel, broccoli, cabbage, strawberry, mango, kiwi, orange, grapefruit.
- Vitamin E: hazelnuts, almonds, vegetable oils, wheat germ, whole grains, oily fish, butter.
- Zinc (seafood, fish, eggs, red meat) and beta-carotene (red and orange fruits and vegetables, dark green leafy vegetables, egg yolk, salmon, shrimp, chicken) are important for balance and the skin’s resistance to oxidative stress.
- A balanced diet generally provides the necessary intake of vitamins and proteins, but certain food supplements can help provide the necessary vitamins during temporary deficiencies (certain diets for example).
THE IDEAS RECEIVED
Are moisturizers and fluids the same? no. Moisturizers are often oilier. If you tend to have oily or combination skin, prefer a fluid, lighter texture.
Does too greasy cream give me pimples? Yes. Care that is too oily, on skin that is already oily, promotes the appearance of acne pimples.
Do day and night creams have the same effects? no. In general, day care is more hydrating and more protective than night care. Night care does not have the same composition and allows the skin to regenerate.
Do you have to change cream frequently because the skin gets used to the care? no. If your cream suits you, there is no point in changing it.